The Taj Mahal, which is located in India’s capitol Agra, is not only one of the most amazing structures of that city or country, but of the world. The Taj Mahal, which is a mausoleum, carries the most beautiful Mughal architectural traits. This extraordinary structure visited by 3 million people every year harbors a love and a very deep and wailful story. The construction of the Taj Mahal, which is also counted as a symbol for love that has been carved into memories for centuries, was started in 1632 by the Mughal Empire’s 5th ruler Shah Cihan in the memory of his wife Begüm Mümtaz Mahal.

The structure represents the strength and power of the Mughal Empire, which experienced its brightest era during the rule of Shah Cihan. As much as it represents the power and strength of the dynasty it represents the love between Shah Cihan and his wife Ercümend Bânû Begüm. After Shah Cihan’s rise to the throne, Ercümend Banu who took the name of Mümtaz Mahal died giving birth to their 14th child. It is said that the emperor found comfort in art and architecture after having the mausoleum in the memory of his love for his wife built.

20 thousand labors worked 
The lead architect of the Taj Mahal, which had been built in 20 years being completed in 1652, is ‘Nâdirü’l-asr’ Üstad Ahmed. A calligraphist from Baghdad, an indent master from Bukhara, a dome master from Istanbul, a minaret master from Samarkand, a mason from Kandahar and a drawing master from Shiraz were brought to make the Taj Mahal along with 20 thousand labors.

There is a golden world depiction located on the dome of the Taj Mahal, which is in a rectangle courtyard that is 350 by 580 meters. On each four sides of the Taj Mahal, which has four marble minarets, there is the Yasin sura written by calligraphist Serdar Efendi.

The walls are decorated with gemstones
The Taj Mahal is made of white marble with tiny blue and pink veins. Visitors witness the dance of the blue and pink depending on the position of the sun. The mausoleum includes the structural complex that consists of the mosque, guesthouse, and the memorial gate that had been built symmetrically on both sides. The walls of the Taj Mahal, which have hundreds of thousands of agates, pearls and turquoises embedded in them, are also decorated with 42 emeralds, 142 rubies, 625 small diamonds, and 50 very large pearls.

UNESCO added the Taj Mahal, which is the grave of Shah Cihan and his wife Begüm Mümtaz Mahal, to the World Heritage List in 1983.