Africa has the freest land of natural life, where the rules are set by natural life, and the borders completely lose their meaning.
This golden-colored geography, which gives literally a sense of emptiness, is the envied areas of the earth, with its vast lands and the horizon, which seems impossible to reach, and it makes people remember how small they are. Real owners of it are the creatures like bat-eared foxes playing in the morning sun, roaring lions, waterfowls near the river, giraffes, zebras, elephants, hyenas, topis, antelopes, and wildebeests on the way of migration.
Safari tours are the backbone of African tourism. The claim of many who come to safari is to see the Big Five. Even if the triumph of safaris is measured like this, it is not always possible. Still, the journey by the Jeeps in the pursuit of the Big Five becomes much more exciting. The animals of the Big Five are lion, leopard, elephant, buffalo, and rhino. The most addictive part of safaris is not only the excitement of pursuing animals, but also the stories of the guides/drivers, who work for the safari company and who know the region well and understand the language of animals. Knowing what type of bush hides what kind of danger and being able to tell the animal’s age seen from a distance and being able to trace, they turn the safari into a huge experience with their sharp eyes, experiences, stories, and knowledge on wildlife. They also carry books along for those who want to learn more about birds or animals. In your first meeting, they will teach you two words: Jambo! (hello) and Hakuna Matata! (no worries)…
Serengeti National Park, which is located in the East African country of Tanzania, spreading about 15 thousand square kilometers and extending as if it is endless, is one of the most pristine ecosystems of the earth. Tanzania offers a real African experience with its untouched natural life, villages and national parks. Safari means Serengeti National Park, a legend. Siringitu, in the language of the tribes of Masai that have their cattle graze here for nearly a thousand years, means endless land. Each year, around 90,000 tourists visit the Serengeti National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, which has a very important feature that distinguishes it from its world-class rivals such as Machu Picchu, Angkor Wat or Giza Pyramids: its naturalness. The Serengeti, which may enter the dreams of the most experienced explorer, is one of the oldest ecosystems on earth. Its climate, vegetation and fauna have hardly changed in the last million years. The animals in this untouched area, which is home of the highest number of mammals on the planet, are also much larger and stronger than those seen anywhere in Africa.
2 million years ago
Ngorongoro Crater Conservation Area, located within the borders of the Serengeti National Park, is one of the three UNESCO World Heritage sites in Tanzania and is one of the most visited wildlife destinations in Africa. Ngorongoro Crater, also known as the 8th wonder of the world, is actually an inactive volcano and a volcanic caldera. This volcano, which is higher than Kilimanjaro, is estimated to have formed this base through an erupt and collapse cycle repeated time to time about 2 million years ago. Your landscape consists of forests, peaks, craters, valleys, rivers, lakes and plains… The ground of the Ngorongoro Crater, where there is a lake full of flamingos, is known as the place where most predators live on earth. You shouldn’t be surprised to see a lion, hyena, coyote, or leopard. You will come across lion families that imply that they are the strongest in every pose they give, snoozing under the trees after filling their bellies. You’ll also find plenty of antelopes, Thompson gazelles, zebras, giraffes, and wildebeests (ox-headed South African antelopes). The hunt is plenty; the strong has no need to spend much energy here to feed. The region is one of the few places in the world for bird watching. Keep your binoculars handy.
No cow no Masai
Tanzania, which has a larger surface area than its neighbors Kenya and Uganda, has a population of 30 million people and almost empty lands. It lives off agriculture, livestock, and sources such as coffee, tea, tobacco, and mineral. The mountainous regions are densely populated and composed of members of up to 120 different tribes. The most striking is the Masai. In the Ngorongoro Crater Conservation Area, the Masais have their animals graze. The Masais, who migrated to this land from Sudan, were renowned as fearless warriors among the explorers and slave traders in the 19th century. According to their beliefs, God lives in a volcano and sees them as the owners of all the cattle of the earth. The Masais, who speak of their cattle like their children, accept them sacred and care for them as well as they would care for their children. They never slaughter their cattle, they don’t eat their meat, but they mix the blood they pour from the neck veins with their milk and drink. With the belief that “no cow no Masai” they constantly seek new places where they can graze their cattle; they do not own any land and move twice a year in the pursuit of rain. The Masais have nothing but temporary homes. Actually, they don’t have cemeteries. Instead of burying their dead, they leave them to the hyenas. If you are to be taken to a Masai village during the safari, it will probably disappoint you because they are touristic.
Demonstration of wildlife
In the eastern part of central Africa, the neighboring country of Kenya, where the wild animal population is most abundant, is another legend when it comes to safari, especially with the Masai Mara National Park. Masai Mara, which is impressive in every period of the year, attracts the safari and natural life enthusiasts between July and October. These lands witness the world’s largest herbivore migration every year. In order to find fresh grass, the huge numbers of African antelopes (gnu) and zebra herds that migrate from the Serengeti plains in Tanzania to Masai Mara reach millions. The biggest danger of this route is predators such as hyenas, jackals, leopards and lions that follow them closely during migration and alligators in river crossings. In November, with the start of the short rainy season, the migration takes place towards Tanzania reserves Serengeti and Ngorongoro. Kenya is a paradise of national parks. In addition to the Masai Mara, areas such as Samburu National Park, where rare species of wild nature live; Amboseli National Park, where you can enjoy watching the elephants wash in the Ewasa Nyiro River; the Meru National Park with various habitats; Tsavo National Park, where you can witness wild animals drinking water; and the Lake Nakuru, a flamingo paradise, also attract attention. Your safari Jeep will advance among zebras and antelopes; there will be misty mountains in the distance, the serenades of the lions, the cries of the hyenas, the sounds that you cannot make out to which animal they belong, and yet another African sun will go down by painting the horizon to crimson.