Cancer is a widespread disease. However, you can reduce the risk of cancer by changing your dietary habits, staying away from smoking and alcohol. According to the specialists, who highlight the strong relation between nutrition and cancer, fifty percent of the tumors seen in women and thirty percent of the tumors seen in men are related to nutrition. In these days that we see the widespread of breast cancer in women and colon cancer in men, even if you get cancer, your chance to survive is high thanks to early diagnosis. Specialists explain how to get protected from cancer and fight with breast and colon cancers by watching your nutrition.   

Reduce the risk of cancer by changing your nutrition
Highlighting that eating animal protein foods that are high in fat and the lack of dietary fiber consumption trigger cancer, Liv Medical Oncology Hospital Specialist Professor Dr. Duygu Derin expresses the nutrition and cancer relationship: “In many countries that consume excessive amounts of meat, therefore the animal protein, breast, uterus, prostate, colon-rectum, pancreas and kidney cancers are more likely to be seen than in the countries with low animal protein consumption. Consumption of lean meat, low fat milk, and similar foods does not increase the risk of cancer.”

Avoid processed meat
“Stomach cancer is seen significantly often in societies that consumes smoked fish and meats, corned foods, processed meats containing nitrite, and canned foods. The best example to this is Japan. In addition, a glass of alcoholic drink may increase the risk of oral, pharyngeal, and laryngeal cancers by 168 percent, the risk of esophageal cancer by 28 percent, the risk of breast cancer by 10 percent, and the risk of colon-rectum cancer by 9 percent.”

Smoking is 25 percent the cause of cancer
“The second cause of cancer in men after smoking is the lack of fruit and vegetable consumption and obesity in women. Especially breast, colon-rectum, endometrial, and esophageal cancers are seen more often in obese people compared to those who have normal weights.”

Mediterranean diet saves
“Medical researches highlight that physical activity done 5 times a week for at least 30 minutes a day reduces the risk of colon, breast, and uterine cancer, and increasing the consumption of fruit and vegetable reduces the risk of oral, laryngeal, pharyngeal, esophageal, lung, and stomach cancers and recommend the Mediterranean diet.”

Which foods should be consumed?
Liv Hospital Diet and Nutrition Specialist Müge Özturna recommends the following dietary tips:
-Fruits and vegetables are antioxidants and protect cells from damage.
-Prefer fruits that can be consumed without peeling, dried legumes, vegetables, and whole grain products.
-Alcohol consumption may increase the risk of liver cancer.

95 percent success at colon cancer treatment
Giving information on the diagnosis and the treatment processes of the colon cancer, which is seen most often in people over the age of 50, Liv Hospital General Surgeon Prof. Dr. Oktar Asoğlu warns about the early detection: “Polyps can be diagnosed by colonoscopy done at certain ages of your life and the possibility of turning them into cancerous formations can be prevented by cutting the ones with stalks. Thanks to the advanced treatment techniques, sessile polyps can be removed through endoscopy instead of surgical methods. Through these methods, colon cancer at its early stages can be removed and the patient can be cured without the need of a surgery.”

Closed surgeries become widespread
“In the laparoscopy of the closed surgery technique, the operations can be completed with a few incisions that are called ports, which are 0.5-1 cm in length. The camera transmits an image of the organs inside the abdomen onto a television monitor. This enables the surgeon perform the surgery using small incisions. It also allows the patients heal faster and have less pain compared to open surgery and it shortens the length of the hospital stay.”

How does it diagnosed and which examinations are done?
– Examination of occult blood in the stool.
– Radiological examinations (double contrast barium enema, computed tomography, etc.)
– Laboratory tests (complete blood count, biochemical tests.) These include CEA (carcinoembryonic antigen) examination; it can rise in the blood in colon cancer and is one of the tests to help diagnosis.
– Endoscopic examination for definitive diagnosis (rectoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy) and biopsy (removal of part of the lesion and examination of it by a pathologist.)

Excess weight is the cause of breast cancer
Emphasizing the age to begin clinical examinations for breast cancer being 30, Liv Hospital Breast Surgery Specialist Prof. Dr. Levhi Akın says that those who are under high risk should start at the age of 20. Akın draws attention to the following: “Mammographic scanning should begin at the age of 40 and should be done annually. If the patient has high risk factors such as a strong family history of breast or ovarian cancers or radiation therapy done on breasts in the past, then the annual check-ups should start at the age of 30.”

If there is risk, the preventive treatment must be done
“Some tests and scans including the genetic test can be performed to determine the breast cancer risk for the future. Preventive surgery and preventive medication methods or close follow-ups should be recommended to the women with the high risk of getting breast cancer. Through the personalized risk evaluation methods that offer correct results, right preventive strategies can be applied to right women.”

Remove the risk factors
– Regular breast self-exam, annual clinical breast exam, annual mammography and ultrasound screening is required if necessary!
– Get rid of excess weight.
– Adopt a healthy and appropriate diet.
– Exercise regularly.
– Do not drink alcohol.
– Remove tobacco from your life.
– Stay away from stress.
– Do not use hormones after menopause, and opt for other methods of contraception instead of using birth control pills