DACHAU – DEATH CAMP MUSEUM

DACHAU – DEATH CAMP MUSEUM

THE FIRST DEATH CAMP OF THE NAZIS WHERE 23 TURKISH CITIZENS DIED IS TURNED INTO A MUSEUM IN GERMANY.

It is the first concentration camp that was opened in the Nazi Germany. Labeled as the first death camp of the Nazis, Dachau is open to visitors as a memorial museum today, symbolizing the genocide.

Dachau was opened in the terrain of an abandoned gun powder and ammunition factory, in a region that takes place approximately 16 km (9.9 miles) northwest of Munich within Bavaria located in south of Germany, on March 22, 1933.

Dachau, which was the first organized detention camp established by the National Socialist German Workers’ Party and the German National People’s Party and the coalition government, was aimed to imprison the political offenders at the beginning. Later, it became a concentration camp where thousands of people were tortured and killed during the holocaust with the proposal of Heinrich Himmler, Chief of Munich Police at the time. The camp had become a grave for 45.000 people, 23 of which were Turkish citizens, concentrated by the Nazis from different corners of Europe.

Survivors of the camp had been liberated by the U.S. Seventh Army’s 42nd Infantry Division. Over 200.000 captives from 33 countries were found in the camp at the date.

Following the closing of the camp, the Germans built a large monument in the region and turned the camp into a museum. Visitors enter the camp through an iron gate, on which “working liberates / arbeit macht frei” is written. Right there, the ruins of the road that had provided access for the concentrated people to the camp once can be seen.

The camp is kept almost faithfully for the visitors; the photographs of the time are among the exhibited items. The museum contains information on other camps in Europe and Germany in that period, as well as detailed information on the Nazi regime.

The visitors bear witness to the cruelty and genocide that were experienced decades ago once again at the museum where it is impossible not to feel the cold breath of death.