Diseases that mostly occur due to climate, social environment, and physical changes and that are characterized by infection typically emerge in the fall. After summer, September is when the human body needs vaccine to adapt to the new weather conditions and the heat changes. As the schools open and the cool air settles in, particularly infectious diseases begin to threaten our children. According to experts, September is a critical month in terms of skin health as well as physical health. If your doctor suggests, it is possible to rejuvenate your skin and stay protected against diseases by getting immunization.

Wash your hands
Short-term changes in temperature that emerges because of sudden seasonal changes of the weather complicates the adaptation process of the body. Infectious Diseases Specialist Dr. Meltem Yavuz recommends the following so we can go through the fall season in a healthy way:

Physician before medication
“When faced with any health problems, contact with a physician. Avoid using antibiotics. Ideal time to get a flu vaccine is between September-November. The vaccine can also be done during the winter months, if the person has not yet infected with any influenza virus. Influenza vaccine should be repeated every year, and note that the pneumonia vaccine provides immunity for 5 years.”

Wash your hands often
“Wash your hands frequently following the rules properly. Do not forget that washing hands is the most preventive measure to protect you and your loved ones against diseases that are transmitted via droplets and direct contact. Ventilate your home and office frequently. Dress appropriately for the season. Choose cotton instead of nylon clothes that increase sweating.”

Adjust the room temperature well
“Very hot and very cold environments adversely affect the upper respiratory tract. Keep room temperature between 22-25 degrees. Sleep quality might be affected by both low and high temperatures. Scientific research shows that our sleep quality is not affected at ambient temperatures between 14-24 degrees.”

Foods such as yogurt and kefir strengthen the intestinal flora and protect against many infectious diseases thanks to probiotics they contain.

Pay attention for cough, fever, and fatigue
Highlighting that when schools open, children meet with a variety of diseases, notably the infectious diseases, Ankara Medical Park Hospital, Department of Child Health and Diseases Specialist Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ayşe Esra Yılmaz explains the following:

The incubation period of a disease is a threat
“Crowded environments such as kindergartens and schools cause diseases such as cold or flu via respiration or direct contact because of inadequate ventilation, close contact, perspiration due to increased physical activity. The seasonal flu vaccine applied in the beginning of the season with your doctor’s recommendations also helps prevent outbreaks.”

“Measles, chicken pox, rubella, mumps, scarlet fever, and rash are among the common infectious diseases seen in this period. Although most of these viral diseases are greatly reduced through effective vaccination in recent years, they can still create a threat to school children since they spread via air and their incubation period doesn’t show any symptoms.”

“Sick children should rest; their fluid intake should be increased; nasal passages should be kept open via nasal sprays containing saline; if there is any pain or fever, analgesics should be used, except aspirin. Let us not forget that most of these diseases have viral origins, so the use of antibiotics should be useful only on doctor’s recommendations in complicated cases. Persistent fever, general unwellness, severe coughing, and shortness of breath should be taken seriously and the opinion of a physician must be taken in such cases.”

Moisturize your skin to prepare for cold weather
Exposing your skin to the sun for long periods causes dryness, wrinkles, sagging, loss of elasticity, color changes, and leads to expansion of blood vessels in the skin surface. Ankara Medical Park Hospital Department of Dermatology Specialist Professor Dr. Erol Koç lists the tips to rejuvenate your skin: “Tanned skin begins to look unhealthy and tarnished with the arrival of fall. Sea, constant contact with the pool water, and excessive heat disrupt the skin’s moisture balance. In the months of fall, moisturizing your skin and applying supportive treatment may be necessary.”

Spots and acne
Incorrect and inadequate protection against the damages caused by the solarium and the sun, or usage of some hormone-containing drugs that cause light sensitivity, and genetic predisposition might result with spotting in the summer. Preventive measures might prevent their formation and darkening of them, but a series of treatments have to be implemented since it is necessary in the fight against existing spots. As the treatment can be planned through the application of lightening creams only, sometimes exfoliating with enzymatic peels, dermabrasion, or various lasers can be used. Acnes may become uncomfortable through the end of the summer. Acne is a disease with a treatment; however, long-term follow-up may be required. The months of fall are the best times to treat spots that form after acne via medication or laser.”

Here is how you can apply this home cure against hair loss: Mix 5 bulbs with dexpanthenol agents and vitamin E active ingredient with 25 cc almond oil. Apply it once weekly with a massage for half an hour before washing your hair.