Erzurum and Yakutiye Madrasah

Erzurum and Yakutiye Madrasah

One of the most spectacular buildings of Erzurum: Yakutiye Madrasah… Its fanciness comes from its layout, well-balanced architecture and large motifs.

According to the sources of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Yakutiye, built by Hoca Yakut Gazani in 1310 on behalf of Gazan Han and Bolugan Hatun during the reign of İlhanlı Sultan, Sultan Olcayto, is the largest of the courtyard madrasahs in Anatolia. The crown door of the building extends from the front. The middle part of the rectangular courtyard in the interior with four iwans is covered with a muqarnas dome and the other parts are covered with barrel vaults with pointy arches. On the side faces of the crown door, panther and eagle motifs draw attention in niches surrounded by arches. The tree of life, consisting of palm leaves, two panthers and eagle figures extending from an ajour sphere, brings together important symbols of Central Asian Turks. Embellishments that cover every part of the crown door, which is flat arched and carved, create a magnificent view.

The cupola built adjacent to the east wall of Yakutiye Madrasa is made of bricks. The building, which has three windows on it, is covered with a turret. Six rooms with barrel vaults are lined across from each other on the right and left of the courtyard. The minaret is reached from the room in the right corner. The deed of trust of the foundation, which contains the names of six villages that were entrusted to this madrasah, was hung with a sulus inscription on marble, on the vault in the south, and the minaret, embellished with geometric motifs and tiles, gained a lively appearance with embossed cords. One of the thick-bodied minarets on the corners was previously demolished or never built. The base of this minaret is covered with a turret. The rooms of students and teachers are determined according to their classes and grades. Therefore, a different engraving at the entrance of each room draws attention. The madrasah, which was restored in 1995, is now used as the Turkish Islamic Arts and Ethnography Museum and is open to visitors every day.