THE CITY THAT WAS DESCRIBED BY THE FAMOUS POET JOHN WILLIAM BURGON AS ‘A ROSE-RED CITY HALF AS OLD AS TIME…’
If you happen to visit Jordan someday, don’t return before seeing Petra that salutes you with its mystery, rocks that their colors change to pink, red, orange, and yellow, and thousands of years old history.
Petra, which was the capital of an extraordinary society called Nabataeans, had been settled between the 400 BC and 160. Nabataeans who came from the Arabian Peninsula had built this magnificent city on sandstone rocks in Jordan with their earnings from trade. The city that was discovered by the Swiss explorer Johann Burckhardt during the 1800s has kept its magnificence despite the centuries that has passed.
Petra, the great city of the desert, had been settled where the most famous trade routes of the ancient world intersect. This caravan city, which was situated on an important trade intersection from Gaza to Damascus, and from the Red Sea to the Persian Gulf, had connected Arabia, Egypt, Syria, India, Greece, and Rome to each other. Nabataeans were doing business with Romans and Hellenistic Greeks in the west, and Persians in the east.
Their fame comes from being the richest of their period. They were skilled at incense and spice trade. They shipped the spices, incenses, oils, and perfumes to all over the world from here. They had caravans reach from Arabia to the Mediterranean. They became very rich and powerful by means of trade.
You can see Al Khazneh (Treasure), Roman style amphitheater, Ad-Deir Monastery, the large canyon Street of Facades where the rock tombs take place, the royal cemetery, the tomb of Aaron, brother of Moses, and the museums of Nabataeans and Archeology in Petra that has now become a lost city which was abandoned by people due to earthquakes.
Takes place in all lists
The ancient city of Petra that has become a center of attention for tourists was included into the World Cultural Heritage List by UNESCO in 1985. The city that has magnificent structures and well preserved ancient buildings had also found a place for itself in the New Seven Wonders of the World List that was created in 2007.