THE LEGENDARY VILLAGE WHERE THE SUNLIGHT ENTERS EQUALLY IN EACH OF THE 3.500 HOUSES AND NO HOUSE SHADES ANOTHER
Kayaköy is the place where no house cuts the sunlight of another although they are lined next to each other and back to back by placing stones on top of each other on a broad hillside. Kayaköy, located within the borders of Fethiye district of Muğla, had been established over the ruins of the ancient city of Karmylassos, belonging to the Ancient Civilization of Lycia, by the Greeks that lived in the region in the 11th century according to some, or in the 14th century according to some others. Many extant structures had been built in the 19th century.
The houses built by cutting stones and placing them on top of each other take place on the rocky hillside that faces north. The flat land located down the hillside is left for the animals as grassland. As the sun advances from east to west, sun rays illuminate all houses located in north equally because they are located on the hillside. According to experts, this application where no house shades another is something hard to calculate even with today’s architectural advancement.
This legendary settlement, where 15,000 people used to live until the Orthodox-Muslim exchange and which was surrendered to silence following the exchange, is the home of approximately 3,500 houses, 2 churches, 9 chapels, schools, a hospital, a library, and crafts workshops, although many of them are in ruins.
In addition, it is possible to see the ruins of Karmylassos, an important settlement of the ancient Lycia, especially the ancient tomb stones.