MUĞLA – THE ANCIENT CITY OF KAUNOS

MUĞLA – THE ANCIENT CITY OF KAUNOS

THE ROCK TOMBS OF KAUNOS, WHICH WAS A COASTAL CITY DURING THE 4TH CENTURY B.C., ARE THE SYMBOLS OF DALYAN.

You can reach the ancient city of Kaunos after a 10-minute walk from the pier of the archeological site that you can go from Dalyan by boat. The city according to a myth was founded in the 4th century B.C. by one of the twin children of Miletos, named Kaunos, at the Caria-Lycia border. The rock tombs, positioned towards the landscape, are what grab attention the most in Kaunos, which was a coastal city during the archaic age. There are tens of monumental rock tombs carved in rocks for kings and noblemen in Dalyan and its close vicinity.

The rock tombs that are carved in the high rocks, today, became the symbol of Dalyan. They are the works of art, which gain the most interest by visitors. As well as this type of rock tombs with a face of a temple, the deep rectangular Hollow Tombs carved into stones and known by the name of “pigeon’s nest”, Niches and Sarcophaguses, Monumental Tombs of which the locations chosen carefully and Chest Tombs inform us about their burial traditions while putting forth the richness of tomb types.

Also from the castle in the city, you can easily see the theatre, church, bathhouse, temple, pool, rock tombs, and the walls surrounding the city, the old docks, Dalyan and İztuzu.

The hollows carved into the rocks at the piers were the hollows, where they used to lit giant fires to guide the approaching ships carrying cargo to the ancient harbor of Kaunos.

The ruins of the 3 km. long walls, stoa, agora, fountain, bathhouse, theatre and temple still preserve their liveliness in Kaunos that was constructed in the archaic ages. The cityö which has been inhabited intensely during the Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, and Roman Eras, was abandoned after the 1st century A.D..