Serious changes occur in the female body during pregnancy. As a result, women encounter various vicissitudes in the appearance of their skin, hair, and teeth, in the efficiency of their digestive and urinary systems and other similar functions. For the expectant mothers who are scared of facing these issues, experts explain the problems that might be encountered during pregnancy and how to deal with them. They also offer nutrition and skin care advice so the expectant mothers can experience a much more comfortable and healthy pregnancy.

Difficulties that push the expectant mothers
Highlighting the physical and psychological changes as well as hormonal changes during pregnancy, Central Hospital Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist Surgeon Cengizhan Kolata talks about the problems expectant mothers experience during pregnancy: “The most common problems seen in pregnancy are headache, abdominal pain, stomach burns, cramps, varicose veins, edema, swelling, constipation, morning sickness and vomiting, increased salivation, frequent urination, urinary incontinence, and back pain. In addition, sleep problems, nose bleeds, numbness in the hands and feet, itching, gestational diabetes, weight gain, waist thickening, stretch marks, hair loss, skin problems, allergies, dental problems, vaginal bleeding-discharge, and sexual problems may also be seen. Psychological conditions such as fatigue, depression, panic attacks, forgetfulness, difficulty in concentrating, depressive moods and sobbing fits may also be experienced during pregnancy.”

Having morning sickness is a good sign
“Morning sickness and sudden vomiting are among the usual situations for every pregnant woman and seen in almost half of the pregnancies in various severity. Morning sickness is a sign of properly functioning hormones. However, the causes of nausea and vomiting are not known exactly. Hormone levels, stress levels, and fatigue may affect the severity of morning sickness.”

Some precautions that may reduce nausea and vomiting:
– A diet rich in protein and carbohydrates should be adapted.
– Plenty of fluid intake is necessary. Liquid foods should be preferred to solid foods.
– Vitamins should be taken all together before sleep, which is the time of day with the lowest possibility of vomiting.
-Any type of odor, taste, and appearance that may upset stomach must be avoided.
-Cigarette should not be smoked; being in environments where people smoke should be avoided.
-Stomach should not be left empty; eat frequent but small meals.
-Do not move too fast in the mornings, as it may cause nausea. Getting off the bed should be done slowly, and physical exercise must be controlled.
-Teeth should be brushed with toothpaste that will not upset stomach after eating or vomiting and should be thoroughly rinsed.

Take extra care for your hair and skin
Liv Hospital Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist Assist. Prof. Dr. Demet Dikmen who highlights the formation of stretch marks and hair loss during pregnancy has the following suggestions: “Natural products and care should be applied to hair as much as possible. Scalp has a relatively large absorbing surface and poses a serious risk for the passage of toxic products into the bloodstream. It will be a cautious approach to use relatively harmless dyes that do not contain phenol and similar, preferably after the first 10 weeks of pregnancy. Skin cleansers and moisturizers are generally safe to use. Skin care products containing vitamin A derivatives should never be used.”

Stretch mark treatment until the 20th week
“The body should be moistened throughout the entire pregnancy, but after the 20th week, using only moisturizers will not be enough to prevent possible stretch marks. Although, the genetics of the expectant mother, in other words the collagen type, is the most important factor in stretch mark formation, creams and oils developed especially to prevent stretch marks are very useful. These creams and oils, of course, contain natural extracts and chemicals that do not pose a risk to the mother and the developing baby. It is advised not to use almond milk nowadays due to the information that, it is a cause of premature birth when used for a long time.”

Products that contribute to your beauty
“It is understood that soy is as effective as Retinols on skin fibroblasts, producing collagen. If we think of fibroblasts as the engine that produces the collagen of the skin, soy is the oil that will make the engine’s work continue. Vitamin C should be in your bathroom cabinet as well as your kitchen cabinet. Vitamin C plays a very important role in the production of collagen. In addition, because vitamin C is an antioxidant, it protects the cells from damage by fighting free radicals. Glycolic acid purifies skin by cleansing excess oil and removing dead cells.”

Always have the following 10 foods on your table
Liv Hospital Diet and Nutritional Expert Şükran Yıldız lists 10 foods that expectant mothers need to consume during pregnancy:
– Whole grain bread and bulgur
-Raw nuts (walnuts, hazelnuts, almonds, peanuts)
– Vegetables with dark green leaves
-Red meat, fat removed
-Dried legumes
-Dried fruit