Şanlıurfa and Göbeklitepe

Şanlıurfa and Göbeklitepe

Recorded as the world’s oldest temple, Göbeklitepe has become the world wide known symbol of Şanlıurfa. Göbeklitepe has made it to the UNESCO’s World Cultural Heritage Tentative List in 2011 and it was included in the list permanently in 2018.

Following these developments, the President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan announced the year of 2019 as “The Year of Göbeklitepe”. Göbeklitepe, which has been accepted as an important heritage that has changed the world’s history, was opened for visitors by the President Erdoğan after a recent restoration.

Built as a temple

Göbeklitepe is the world’s oldest temple situated near the village of Örencik in Şanlıurfa. 10-12 T-shaped standing stones are lined in a circular setting and brick walls are installed in between the stones. Engravings and carvings of human, hand, arms, various animal figures, and abstract symbols are depicted on many of these stones. It is noted that the earliest settlement in the area is dated from 11,600 years ago. The use of Göbeklitepe as a temple continued until around 8,000 BC and was abandoned after these dates, and was not used for other or similar purposes. All these and the monumental architecture uncovered during the excavations make Göbeklitepe unique and special.

Advanced technology is used in its restoration

The first temple of the world, 8,3 million euros for the restoration of which was spent, is taken under protection by a technology that could be of the next age. The roof covers used in the site are produced from the membrane within the “History Revitalizing in Şanlıurfa Project” undertaken by the Ministry of Industry and Technology. Since the covers are produced by nanotechnology, they can renew themselves. Göbeklitepe’s steel construction roof covers are also acting as lightning rods. Placement of a special earthquake isolation in order to detect settling and sinking that may occur in a possible earthquake takes place within the scope of the project. Additional areas that may surface after the archaeological excavations can be protected by making additions to the existing 2,400 square meters of nanotechnological covers.