THE ANCIENT CITY OF BERGAMA – İZMİR

THE ANCIENT CITY OF BERGAMA – İZMİR

THE ANCIENT CITY, WHICH HAS AN 8500 YEAR OLD HISTORY, HAS BEEN THE HOME OF MANY CIVILIZATIONS AND THE PIONEER OF MANY FIRSTS 

The ancient city of Bergama, also known as Pergamon, with an 8500 year old history is located 100 km north of İzmir at the Bakırçay Basin. It is one of the oldest settlements of history of civilization. The city, which has been the home of many civilizations throughout history, was the capital of the Pergamon Kingdom between 282-133 B.C. Pergamon, which is one of the “100  Mediterranean Historical Sites of Common Interest” selected by the United Nations, is also registered as a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO.

The Acropolis (upper part of the city) of the City of Pergamon has the appearance of a large castle on a hill dominant over the plains where Bakırçay quenches. Approximately 820m away from the acropolis there is a hospital, a library and an amphitheatre within Asklepion, which was founded in the 4th century B.C.

Many pieces of the Temple of Athena, which was made in the name of the goddess of wisdom and war that was deemed as the protector of the city, were taken to Berlin to be faithfully reconstructed. Only the foundation of it remains at Pergamon.

There had been 200 thousand volumes written on parchments called “Pergamon skin” in one of the largest libraries of the Hellenistic era in Pergamon. Marcus Antonius who was a Roman general and a politician later gave all of the books to the Queen of Egypt Cleopatra in 41 B.C. as a present.

THE PLACE OF THE FIRSTS
+The first parchment (making writing material out of animal skin)
+The first Asian library (200,000 volumes)
+The first large hospital (Asklepion)
+The first psychotherapy
+The first natural therapy (with music, theatres, sports, sun and mud)
+The first pharmacology (natural remedies)
+The first opium model remedy
+The first city hygiene (health infrastructure)
+The first snake that was the symbol of medicine and pharmacy