Vegan, Vegetarian, Omnivore; Which One is The Right Diet?

Vegan, Vegetarian, Omnivore; Which One is The Right Diet?

Eating right is the basis of our health. Despite its vital importance, we usually do ignore our nutrition and most of the time put our health in danger because of wrong knowledge. We ajar the door to these dangers especially by incompatibly practicing diets that have been spreading on the social media in recent years.

Veganism is the leading one among the widespread forms of diet in recent years. Dietitian Gamze Zorlu, from Lokman Hekim Hospital, makes important warnings about veganism and proper nutrition. Stating that veganism is a kind of vegetarianism, Zorlu said, “Veganism is a refusal to consume animal-derived foods and other animal products for various reasons. Although it is allowed to consume eggs and milk in vegetarianism, veganism does not include any food of animal origin. However, they also refuse to use clothes made entirely or partially of animal origin and all other animal by-products (such as leather and silk). The vegans do not consume meat, fish, poultry, eggs, honey, animal milk and its derivatives, but feed completely on herbal products.”

They get sick less

Indicating that vegan nutrition includes vegetables, legumes, lentils, fruits, grains, nuts and mushrooms, Zorlu points out that this will have positive and negative effects in terms of health and gives the following information: “According to some studies, cholesterol levels of vegan/vegetarian individuals were lower and cardiovascular diseases, obesity, diabetes mellitus, arteriosclerosis, and hypertension were less common. Also, vegan/vegetarians are said to have less chance of getting cancer because they consume more dried legumes, walnuts, hazelnuts, fruits, vegetables and cereals. A number of international organizations emphasize that a well-planned vegan diet can be healthy and adequate in terms of nutrients. The key is to adjust the variety of foods to meet the need for energy and nutrients and to consume the right amount of food. Vegetarians should focus on protein, iron, calcium, zinc, vitamin D and vitamin B12.”

Correct practice is important

“Properly planned vegetarian diets (including veganism) can provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. However, if vegan/vegetarian diet, which can be preventive from diseases such as cardiovascular diseases and cancer, is not planned and followed correctly, it will be inevitable for the diet to be the reason for many diseases. Inadequate protein and energy intake, vitamin-mineral deficiencies (iron, vitamin D, B12, calcium, zinc) and related anemia, osteoporosis can be counted among the health problems that vegans might face. The biggest problem in vitamin B12 deficiency is anemia. However, B12 deficiency may cause permanent damage to the nervous system over time.”

Excessive consumption of food products of animal origin increases the risk

“Excessive consumption of foods of animal origin is riskier in terms of chronic diseases compared to a vegetarian diet. Excessive consumption of foods of animal origin means high levels of saturated fat and protein intake. This type of diet is a risk for cardiovascular diseases, fatty liver disease, advanced cirrhosis, and cancer types. At the same time, high amounts of protein can cause gout in the joints, kidney stones, and kidney damage.”

Sufficiency and balance

“Healthy eating is providing the nutrients needed by the body in a sufficient and balanced way to protect and improve health. The two important issues here are sufficiency and balance. Feeding on a single food group may cause health problems in the future and may seriously decrease the quality of life. In order to prevent unbalanced nutrition, it is of great importance to gain healthy eating awareness through nutritional education.”