We are at the end of summer; it will be autumn next month. The weather temperature rapidly goes up or down as the seasons change. When this change is fast, our bodies have hard time adjusting. According to the experts, the body becomes stressed and the immune system weakens in this type of situations. A weakened immune system calls out to illnesses such as flu.
We have searched the risks for our readers there may be experienced in this process, where nose and throat infections, blood pressure, and heart diseases may be experienced and even our psychology, skin, and internal organs may be affected, and the precautions that can be taken.
Do not let this weather ruin us!
Emphasizing that the body becomes stressed and weakens the defense system with the change of the air temperature, Liv Hospital Internal Medicine Specialist Asst. Prof. Dr. Alev Özsarı says: “Seasonal changes cause many diseases in the body that is not accustomed to entering an environment that weakens the immune system. At first, our respiratory and circulatory systems are affected very much. Many people, especially children, and elderly people have upper respiratory tract infections during this period; that is, the nose and throat infections. Excessive heat increase can increase allergic diseases and infectious diseases.”
Heart attacks increase
“Unfortunately, damage is not limited to the respiratory system. In this situation where veins are affected, it is very common for many adults to develop blood pressure problems. The pressure change also affects the heart. In this period, an increase in the number of people who experience heart attacks was observed. Migraine attacks may also be seen in the fall. Adaptation is more difficult in people with chronic illnesses and in the elderly. It is recommended that these people be more careful.”
Do not enter depression
“Sudden weather changes can affect one’s mood, causing nervousness, anxiety, and hypersensitivity. Adverse weather changes, less sunny, rainy conditions can cause depression. Weather change can cause fatigue and altered sleep patterns. It may also lead to changes in appetite.”
Does the influenza vaccine protect everyone?
Liv Hospital Infectious Diseases Specialist Asst. Prof. Dr. Zehra Çağla Karakoç describes the facts about flu: “Influenza is an infectious respiratory disease caused by the influenza virus. In most people, the progress of the disease is simple, but it can also be fatal. Antibiotics are ineffective in this disease since it is a viral disease. Influenza is a virus that causes an epidemic. The patient may have complaints such as fever or chills, cough, sore throat, nasal discharge, muscle aches, headache, weakness, nausea, and diarrhea.
It might even spread while talking
“While patients talk to healthy people, they can infect them with the disease while coughing. The virus can spread through both air and contact in the indoor environments such as an office where many people are close together. Contagiousness starts 1 day before the symptoms of the disease start, and lasts up to 7 days. The disease can be severe and fatal in old people, young people, young children, and in those with chronic illnesses that we call the risk group.”
Influenza vaccine is affective 70 percent
“Vaccination provides more than 70 percent protection against influenza and it can prevent severe lung infections that people at risk can develop. Hand hygiene is also important as well as paying attention to general health precautions, avoiding crowded environments and sick people in the prevention of the disease. Influenza can be severe in the risk groups whereas most people recover in a week without taking medication. Antiviral drugs are used within the aim of the doctor’s orders in the first 48 hours of treatment. It should not be forgotten that the unconscious use of these antiviral drugs may lead to resistance, just as it is with antibiotics.”
Beauty touch to your face
Liv Hospital Aesthetic, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Specialist Prof. Dr. Gürsel Turgut explains the methods that can be done to get rid of the abrasive effects of sea and wind to our skin in the summer: “There are many methods used in the treatment of problems such as wrinkles, spots, and maturation that occur with age in the skin. Botox, filling, ultheraphy-ultralift, applied for skin rejuvenation, can be done in all seasons. Cell treatments such as PRP, fibro-plus, fibro-gel, and fibro-blast are rapidly replacing the mesotherapies made with vitamins and similar products. They provide the repair of the skin’s damaged structures due to aging and make the skin appear tighter and luminous. Chemical peeling and fractional laser treatments can also be applied to skin spots.”